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[主观题]

Part B 52. Directions: Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing.

Part B

52. Directions:

Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and then

3) support your view with an example/ examples.

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)

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更多“Part B 52. Directions: Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing.”相关的问题

第1题

A traffic separation zone is that part of a traffic separation scheme which ______.A.is lo

A traffic separation zone is that part of a traffic separation scheme which ______.

A.is located between the scheme and the nearest land

B.separates traffic proceeding in one direction from traffic proceeding in the opposite direction

C.is designated as an anchorage area

D.contains all the traffic moving in the same direction

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第2题

Part B52.Directions:Study the following photos carefully and write an essay of 160~200 wor

Part B

52. Directions:

Study the following photos carefully and write an essay of 160~200 words in which you should

1. describe the photos briefly,

2. interpret the social phenomenon reflected by them, and

3. give your point of view.

You should write 160-200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)

有两幅图片,图1 把崇拜写在脸上;图2 花300元做“小贝头”

注:Beckham是英国足球明星

有两张照片,一张照片上有一位男士脸上写着足球明星的名字,另一张照片上有一个男子在理发,他要求理发师为他设计一个小贝克汉姆的发型。

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第3题

Science seems to be getting closer to answering a very old mystery (奥秘). Homing pigeons

Science seems to be getting closer to answering a very old mystery (奥秘). Homing pigeons (信鸽) can be taken hundreds of miles from their homes. When they are let to go to fly again, they find their way home. Because of this special ability to find home, pigeons have been used as messengers for hundreds of years.

Today people even breed homing pigeons for racing as a sport. The birds are shipped to some chosen place a few hundred miles away. Then all of them are let to go together. The winner is the bird that gets home first. A good racer can make it home from 500 miles away in a single day.

The mystery of the homing pigeon is how it tells direction and how it finds home.

The first part seems to be pretty well answered, and we know of two ways that pigeons tell directions. First, they use the sun. Experiments show that homing pigeons can tell directions by the sun. What happens when the sky is darkly overcast by clouds and no one can see where the sun is? Then the pigeons still find their way home.

Naturally, people have wondered whether pigeons might have a built-in compass—something that would tell them about the direction of the earth’s magnetic (磁的) field. Many different kinds of experiments were done. Here’s what the scientists decided after they had made experiments many times. When pigeons can see the sun, they use it as their main means(手段)of direction-finding. When they cannot see the sun, they use some special way to sense direction from the earth’s magnetic field.

But how do pigeons know which direction is toward home? What do they use that we would call a map? These are other questions to be answered.

Pigeons have been used as messengers because ______.

A.they have a built-in compass

B.they can cover 500 miles in a single day

C.they have special ability to tell directions

D.they can find their way home

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第4题

Native Americans from the southeastern part of what is now the United States believed that
the universe in which they lived was made up of three separate, but related, worlds: the Upper World, the Lower World, and This World. In the last there lived humans, most animals, and all plants.

This World, a round island resting on the surface of waters, was suspended from the sky by four cords attached to the island at the four cardinal points of the compass. Lines drawn to connect the opposite points of the compass, from north to south and from east to west, intersected This World to divide it into four wedge-shaped segments. Thus a symbolic representation of the human world was a cross within a circle, the cross representing the intersecting lines and the circle the shape of This World.

Each segment of This World was identified by its own color. According to Cherokee doctrine, east was associated with the color red because it was the direction of the Sun, the greatest deity of all. Red was also the color of fire, believed to be directly connected with the Sun, with blood, and therefore with life. Finally, red was the color of success. The west was the Moon segment: it provided no warmth and was not life-giving as the Sun was. So its color was black, North was the direction of cold, and so its color was blue (sometimes purple), and it represented trouble and defeat. South was the direction of warmth, its color, white, was associated with peace and happiness.

The southeastern Native Americans' universe was one in which opposites were constantly at war with each other, red against black, blue against white. This World hovered somewhere between the perfect order and predictability of the Upper World and the total disorder and instability of the Lower World. The goal was to find some kind of halfway path or balance, between those other worlds.

Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A.One Civilization's View of the Universe.

B.The Changing of the Seasons in the Southeast.

C.The Painting of Territorial Maps by Southeastern Native Americans.

D.The War Between Two Native American Civilizations.

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第5题

Driving cars, trucks and motorcycles is an important part of our lives. We do it every day
to get to work, to school or to friends' houses.

Driving can be very convenient, but can also cause many problems. Waiting in line at a red light, a driver may get impatient and decide just to drive fight through it. If another car is coming from the other direction, there might be a terrible accident. Cutting another car off can make its driver angry, so that driver cuts off someone else. Pretty soon everybody is angry, and impatient.

Traffic accidents declare millions of lives every year worldwide. In Taiwan alone, over seven people are killed in accidents every day. The annual death rate (年死亡率) from traffic accidents in Taiwan is twice that of Japan.

To allow traffic to move smoothly and safely, everybody must follow the rules. Before you drive, learn all the traffic laws. That way of driving is safe, convenient and even fun!

The word "convenient" in the passage means

A.handy, easy to do

B.that can be changed

C.fond of drinking and merry-making

D.carriages or other trucks

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第6题

EDriving cars, trucks and motorcycles is an important part of our lives. We do it every da
y to get to work, to school or to friends’ houses.

Driving can be very convenient, but can also cause many problems. Waiting in line at a red light, a driver may get impatient and decide just to drive right through it. If another car is coming from the other direction, there might be a terrible accident. Cutting another car off can make its driver angry, so that driver cuts off someone else. Pretty soon everybody is angry, and impatient.

Traffic accidents declare millions of lives every year worldwide. In Taiwan alone, over seven people are killed in accidents every day. The annual death rate (年死亡率) from traffic accidents in Taiwan is twice that of Japan.

To allow traffic to move smoothly and safely, everybody must follow the rules. Before you drive, learn all the traffic laws. That way of driving is safe, convenient and even fun!

第51题:The word “ convenient “ in the passage means ________.

[A] handy, easy to do

[B] that can be changed

[C] fond of drinking and merry-making

[D] carriages or other trucks

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第7题

听力原文: Now for the weather prospects for the next 24 hours. In northern areas, tomorrow
morning will start bright and sunny, with light westerly winds. Some clouds will come in during the morning, and by the afternoon it will be overcast, with very little sunshine, and probably some outbreak of rain. The westerly wind will change in direction to the north-west, and become rather stronger. So northern areas can expect a pleasant morning, but a dull and probably wet and windy afternoon. Temperature generally will be about 12 degrees Centigrade, so rather cold. That's the picture for the north. The picture for the south is rather different. Here it will be mainly dry. There will be some clouds, and maybe the clouds will be from the southwest, and rather light. Temperatures will be a couple of degrees higher, say fourteen or sixteen, most of the day. And that will be the pattern for the day, but in the evening and night the rather cold weather will move down from the north, so you can expect rain during the night. The out look for the weekend is that this rather cool wet weather will continue, at least through Saturday. And that's all from the weather desk.

What is the report about?

A.The weather tonight in the northern part of the country.

B.The weather yesterday in the whole country.

C.Tomorrow's weather in two parts of the country.

D.Tomorrow's weather in the southern part of the country.

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第8题

听力原文:Narrator Listen to part of a discussion in a physics class. The professor is dis
cussing Forces. Professor Well, today wed talk about Force and its representation. Student A So what is force? Professor Well, actually, a force is a push or pull upon an object resulting from the objects interaction with another object. Whenever there is an interaction between two objects, there is a force upon each of the objects. When the interaction ceases, the two objects no longer experience the force. Forces only exist as a result of an interaction. Student A [interrupting] You mean if a force exists, there should be two objects. Am I right? Professor Thats right. Er, ...For simplicity sake, all forces, interactions, between objects can be placed into two broad categories. One is contact force; the other is force resulting from action-at-a-distance. Student B [ interrupting] Action-at-a-distance? Professor Yeah, first lets talk about contact force. Contact forces are types of forces in which the two interacting objects are physically in contact with each other. Examples of contact forces include frictional forces, tensional forces, normal forces, air resistance forces, and applied forces. These specific forces will be discussed in more detail later in Lesson 2, as well as in other lessons. Student A Uh...so many forces fall into this category. Then, what is "force resulting from action-at-a-distance"? Professor Er, ...Action-at-a-distance forces are types of forces in which the two interacting objects are not in physical contact with each other, yet are able to exert a push or pull despite a physical separation. Examples of action-at-a-distance forces include gravitational forces, such as, the sun and planets exert a gravitational pull on each other despite their large spatial separation; even when your feet leave the earth and you are no longer in contact with the earth, there is a gravitational pull between you and the Earth. Next, electric forces, such as, the protons in the nucleus of an atom and the electrons outside the nucleus experience an electrical pull towards each other despite their small spatial separation; and magnetic forces, for example, two magnets can exert a magnetic pull on each other even when separated by a distance of a few centimeters. These specific forces will be discussed in more detail in other lessons. Student B Thats magic! I am quite familiar with the phenomenon you mentioned just now, but before this class, I had no concept of these categories of forces. Student A Er, I know very little about this, too. Professor Actually, forces exist in our daily life. Force is a quantity which is measured using the standard metric unit known as the Newton. A Newton is abbreviated by an "N". To say "10. 0 N" means 10. 0 Newtons of force. Student A [ interrupting] So Newton is the standard metric unit of force? Professor Thats true. In fact, a force is a vector quantity. As we learned in an earlier unit, a vector quantity is a quantity which has both magnitude and direction. To fully describe the force acting upon an object, you must describe both the magnitude and the direction. Thus, "10 Newtons" is not a full description of the force acting upon an object. In contrast, "10 Newtons downwards" is a complete description of the force acting upon an object; both the magnitude, "10 Newtons", and the direction, "downwards", are given. Student B Uh, thats quite complex and easy to make a mistake. Professor Yeah. ...because a force is a vector which has a direction, it is common to represent forces using diagrams in which a force is represented by an arrow. Such vector diagrams were introduced in an earlier unit and will be used throughout your study of physics. The size of the arrow is reflective of the magnitude of the force and the direction of the arrow reveals the direction which the force is acting. Such diagrams are known as free-body diagrams. Furthermore, because forces are vectors, the influence of an individual force upon an object is often canceled by the influence of another force. For example, the influence of a "20 Newton upward" force acting upon a book is canceled by the influence of a "20 Newton downward" force acting upon the book. In such instances, it is said that the two individual forces "balance each other", meaning there would be no unbalanced force acting upon the book. Student A That sounds interesting. Then, there should be other situations in which two of the individual vector forces cancel each other, the so-called balance, yet a third individual force exists that is not balanced by another force. Professor Thats the point. Next time we will learn how to draw the free-body diagrams, which can help you to understand the situation more easily. Now get ready to answer the questions. You may use your notes to help you answer. 24. What is the discussion mainly about? 25. How does the professor emphasize his point about force classification? 26. What are two key factors of force description? 27. According to the discussion, what forces belong to action-at-a-distance forces? Listen again to part of the conversation. Then answer the question. Professor Well, actually, a force is a push or pull upon an object resulting from the objects interaction with another object. Whenever there is an interaction between two objects, there is a force upon each of the objects. When the interaction ceases, the two objects no longer experience the force. Forces only exist as a result of an interaction. Student A [Interrupting] You mean if a force exists, there should be two objects. Am I right? 28. What can be inferred about student A? Listen again to part of the conversation. Then answer the question. Professor Thats the point, next time we will learn how to draw the free-body diagrams, which can help you to understand the situation more easily. 29. What does the professor mean when she says this? Professor Thats the point.Narrator Listen to part of a discussion in a physics class. The professor is discussing Forces. Now get ready to answer the questions. You may use your notes to help you answer.

What is the discussion mainly about?

A.The metric unit of forces.

B.The magnitude and direction of various forces.

C.The two kinds of forces and their features.

D.The diagrams of forces.

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第9题

Every culture attempts to create a "universe of discourse" for its members, a way in which
people can interpret their experience and convey it to one another. Without a common system of codifying sensations, life would be absurd and all efforts to share meanings would be doomed to failure. This universe of discourse—one of the most precious of all cultural legacies is transmitted to each generation in part consciously and in part unconsciously. Parents and teachers give explicit instruction in it by praising or criticizing certain ways of dressing, of thinking, of gesturing, of responding to the acts of others. But the most significant aspects of any cultural code may be conveyed implicitly, not by rule or lesson but through modeling behavior. He child is surrounded by others who, through the mere consistency of their actions as males and females, mothers and fathers, salesclerks and policemen, display what is appropriate behavior. Thus the grammar of any culture is sent and received largely unconsciously, making one's own cultural assumptions and biases difficult to recognize. They seem so obviously right that they require no explanation.

In The Open and Closed Mind, Milton Rokeach poses the problem of cultural understanding in its simplest form, but one that can readily demonstrate the complication of communication between cultures. It is called the "Denny Doodlebyg Problem." Readers are given all the rules that govern this culture: Denny is an animal that always faces North, and can move only by jumping; he can jump large distances or small distances, but can change direction only after jumping four times I any direction; he can jump North, South, East or West, but not diagonally. Upon concluding a jump his master places some food three feet directly West of him. Surveying the situation, Denny concludes he must jump four times to reach the food. No more or less. And he is right. All the reader has to do is to explain the circumstances that make his conclusion correct.

The large majority of people who attempt this problem fail to solve it, despite the fact that they are given all the rules that control behavior. in this culture. If there is difficulty in getting inside the simplistic world of Denny Doodlebug—where the cultural code has already been broken and handed to us—imagine the complexity of comprehending behavior. in societies whose codes have to yet been deciphered. And where even those who obey these Codes are only vaguely aware and can rarely describe the underlying sources of their own actions.

We acquire the greater part of our cultural codes by ______.

A.creating a universe of discourse

B.imitating the behavior. of others, especially those of the previous generation

C.sharing the same experiences with other people

D.taking in the various information we're given with no discrimination

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第10题

The energy which the sun radiates goes in every direction, and only a minute part of it fa
lls on the earth. Even so, it represents power of about 5,000,000 horsepower (马力)per square mile per day; the sun gives us as much energy every minute as mankind utilizes in a year. At present, we use this energy in directly, and it is our final source of power. Coal represents the chemical action of the sun on green plants thousands of years ago. Water power results from the rain formed by vapor which comes from the evaporation of power. Coal represents the rain formed by vapor which comes from the evaporation of water under the sunshine. Even windmills operate because of air currents set in motion by the different heating affects of the sun in different places. Some day, through chemistry or some type of solar engine, we shall harness this great source of energy more directly. Already a scientist has worked out an engine, surprisingly efficient, in with the sun' s rays are concentrated through mirrors on a tube of water to create steam.

How much energy given off by the sun reaches the earth?

A.100 % but indirectly

B.5 %

C.0.5

D.only a very tiny amount

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